The cause of troubling anemia and methods of treatment.
Symptoms of Anemia
● It may be anemia. Check your main symptoms!
With iron-deficiency anemia, hemoglobin that sends oxygen to the whole body is lacking so your body lacks oxygen. It causes your heart to work hard sending only a small amount of oxygen to the whole body, thus straining your heart. The main symptoms are: feeling weary, tired, throbbing, shortness of breath, feeling dizzy, feeling dizzy when standing up, heavy head, the back of your eye lids are white, your face color becomes dark and or yellowish, the middle of your nails are dented like spoons (spoon nail), your nails become thin and easily cracked, etc. Iron-deficiency anemia progresses slowly so you may not realize the symptoms and so in many cases it is left untreated.
● Women easily become anemic due to menstruation, pregnancy, and giving birth.
Since women lose iron because of menstruation every month, women are prone to suffer from anemia. Anemia in woman during their puberty years that is due to a lack of iron can be seen during periods when the body grows drastically, for example, with teenagers. Also, more iron than usual is needed during pregnancy, when giving birth, and breast feeding. You need to be careful during those times. Recently, iron deficiency due to an extreme diet or unbalanced diet has been increasing among young women. A lack of nutrition caused from eating just one food for a long time to lose weight, or instant noodles, sweet baked goods, or fast foods leads to iron deficiency.
What are the causes of anemia?
● Most common anemia is “iron-deficiency anemia” caused by iron deficiency
With anemia, the amount of hemoglobin which is a component of red blood cells in the blood is low. There are few types of anemia depending on the cause, the most common type of anemia is iron-deficiency anemia caused by a lack of iron which is a component of hemoglobin. When the word Anemia is mentioned, it usually indicates this type of anemia. Other types of anemia are anaplastic anemia where normal blood cells cannot be produced, anemia from loss of blood caused by massive bleeding, for example, in a traffic accident, pernicious anemia caused by a lack of vitamin B12 or folic acid commonly seen in elderly people, hemolytic anemia where red blood cells themselves are destroyed.
● If iron is lacking, oxygen will be lacking in the body and you become anemic.
About 70% of anemia in women is iron-deficiency anemia. Red blood cells are an important component of blood, and have a role in sending oxygen all over the body and transporting back unneeded carbon dioxide to the lungs. If red blood cells cannot be produced due to a deficiency of iron, the body lacks oxygen. This leads not only to inducing various negative conditions in the body, but also the person’s face color becomes dark or yellowish and will have a negative impact in terms of beauty.
● An illness may be the cause. If you are worried, go to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Anemia can be caused by some illnesses. Common illnesses are hypermenorrhea due to uterine myoma or uterine adenomyosis and loss of blood due to hemorrhoids, gastric ulcers, or gastritis etc. If an illness is found, treatment of the illness causing loss of blood needs to be simultaneously treated.
● Dizziness when standing up is called “cerebral anemia”.
Feeling dizzy to feeling faint and almost falling over at a morning staff meeting etc... This symptom is due to cerebral anemia. It is easily mistaken as iron-deficiency anemia caused by iron deficiency, but cerebral anemia is totally different. Officially, this is called “orthostatic hypotension” and the cause is an autonomic nerve disorder or low blood pressure. Dizziness or having dizziness when standing up happens due to a temporal reduction of blood in the brain caused by loss of blood pressure control when standing up for a long time or standing up suddenly. If cerebral anemia happens, the best posture is to lie down and put your feet up. If it happens at school or at the office, take a rest at the school first-aid room or the staff room.
Self-care to Prevent Anemia and Treatment Methods
● What is the most important source of nutrition for anemia?
Hemoglobin in red blood cell makes the blood red. People who are anemic lack this hemoglobin and put simply, the blood is thin. Hemoglobin is composed mainly of protein and iron. Iron which is particularly important, is a mineral which cannot be produced within the body so it needs to be supplemented by eating food etc.
● How do I efficiently supplement iron?
There are two types of iron, “heme iron” which is easily absorbed in the body and “non‐heme iron” which is not easily be absorbed in the body. Fish and meat contain “heme iron” and vegetables, shellfish, and grain contain “non-heme iron”. For treating anemia, proactively take foods with “heme iron” which is easily absorbed. Animal food such as liver, meat, fish, and egg yolk are recommended for efficiently taking heme iron. In addition, taking vitamin C which promotes iron absorption and protein and minerals which produce hemoglobin will increase the effect. Refer to the table below and add the foods containing lots of iron to your meals. Be careful with green tea, coffee, and instant foods that contain tannin which hinders absorption of iron.
Foods which contain a lot of iron
Hijiki, kelp, dried small sardines, seaweed, liver, shellfish, sesame, soybeans, parsley, dark red part of fish, eel, prunes, and brightly colored vegetables.
● Do not go on an excessive diet! Have a well-balanced diet.
It is important to see a physician or gynecologist to check the cause if you are found to be anemic at a medical examination or health screening. If it comes out as not being an illness and you have slight iron-deficiency anemia, you can treat it by adjusting/changing your diet. First of all, have a well-balanced meal three times a day. Stop worrying about losing weight for a while. If you have severe anemia, having well balanced meals are not enough so you need to get an iron supplement and vitamin C prescription. If you have a sensitive stomach, there is an option to get an intravenous injection.