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In fact, many women suffer from urinary problems.

In fact, many women suffer from urinary problems. In fact, many women suffer from urinary problems.

Even if you have urinary problems, it is not something you can ask around about it. Due to the structure of women’s bodies, cystitis and urinary incontinence can easily happen and there are many women who suffer from urinary problems. They can be prevented from getting worse by taking early protective action!

How Cystitis Occurs

● In fact, women can easily get cystitis

Cystitis is an inflammation caused by pathogenic bacteria entering from the urethra. The main symptoms include feeling pain when passing water, having residual sensation of urine, needing to go to the toilet often, and the color of urine is dull, etc. In the worst cases, you may have a burning pain or bloody urine when passing water. Women’s urethras are shorter than men’s and additionally, the urethra is close to the vagina and anus so that bacteria especially E. coli can easily get to the bladder from the outside.

You will be diagnosed with urethritis when there is an inflammation only at urethra and bacteria hasn’t reached the bladder. Pain when passing water is usually stronger with urethritis than cystitis.

Structure of urethra

Structure of urethra

● Cystitis is easily acquired when the body's defense against infection is low

Cystitis occurs due to E. coli which is normal bacterial flora around the genitalia or anus entering from the urethra. There are bacteria in the vagina and E. coli etc. around the genitalia. Having sex without cleaning allows the bacteria to go into the urethra and causes cystitis. The bacteria may also go into urethral opening when passing stool for women. You can easily be infected especially when your body's defenses against infection are low in a case like when you have a cold or are fatigued over a long period of time. Also, holding urine for long periods of time or not changing a sanitary napkin often can be a cause of cystitis. In addition, once you get cystitis, it can easily become chronic, care and attention are required.

● Cystitis can develop into pyelonephritis

When bacteria enter through the urethra and go further through the ureter from the bladder and cause inflammation, it is called pyelonephritis. Pyelonephritis usually develops from cystitis, however, it may be caused by a virus such as from a cold in rare cases. Acute pyelonephritis causes pain in the lower abdomen or lower back accompanied by fever of 38.5C after having one or two days of cystitis-like symptoms. You may have kidney failure if the condition is not treated, so go to see your doctor as soon as possible.

Prevention and Treatment of Cystitis

Increasing your body’s defenses against infection is important for preventing cystitis. Take breaks, get enough sleep and have a balanced diet. Although this is a disease which can become chronic, you can improve it by having a healthy lifestyle. Also, you can easily get cystitis if your lower body is cold, so keep your lower back warm if you are working in an office with strong air-conditioning or in a cold environment. Wearing warm underwear or using a portable body warmer should help. When you start to get symptoms of cystitis, drink a lot of fluids. Bacteria can be washed out by passing water and often the disease is cured itself. If you cannot see any improvement, go to see a urologist as soon as possible.

Increasing your body’s defenses against infection is important for preventing cystitis. Take breaks, get enough sleep and have a balanced diet. Although this is a disease which can become chronic, you can improve it by having a healthy lifestyle. Also, you can easily get cystitis if your lower body is cold, so keep your lower back warm if you are working in an office with strong air-conditioning or in a cold environment. Wearing warm underwear or using a portable body warmer should help. When you start to get symptoms of cystitis, drink a lot of fluids. Bacteria can be washed out by passing water and often the disease is cured itself. If you cannot see any improvement, go to see a urologist as soon as possible.

● Do not hold urine for long periods of time

It is important not to hold urine for long periods of time to prevent you from getting cystitis. The longer you hold urine the weaker your bladder function becomes and allowing your body to be easily infected by bacteria. Always wipe from front to back after passing stool. You and your partner should take a shower before having sex to keep your body clean.

● Increase your body's defense against infection with a healthy lifestyle

Increasing your body’s defenses against infection is important for preventing cystitis. Take breaks, get enough sleep and have a balanced diet. Although this is a disease which can become chronic, you can improve it by having a healthy lifestyle. Also, you can easily get cystitis if your lower body is cold, so keep your lower back warm if you are working in an office with strong air-conditioning or in a cold environment. Wearing warm underwear or using a portable body warmer should help. When you start to get symptoms of cystitis, drink a lot of fluids. Bacteria can be washed out by passing water and often the disease is cured itself. If you cannot see any improvement, go to see a urologist as soon as possible.

● Take all the pills you are prescribed

At a hospital or clinic’s urology department, a urine examination will be carried out to check whether you are infected. When you are diagnosed with cystitis, anti-biotics will be prescribed. Once you take the medicine, the symptoms usually go away. However, it is important to take all the medicine you are prescribed. Even you don’t have symptoms anymore, bacteria can remain and may cause cystitis again. Cystitis can easily become chronic, therefore, do not stop the medication until it is completely treated.

● Prevent cystitis with healthy lifestyle

To prevent cystitis_1 To prevent cystitis_1

<To prevent cystitis_1>

  • Wipe from front to back after passing stool.

To prevent cystitis_2 To prevent cystitis_2

<To prevent cystitis_2>

  • Change your sanitary napkins and panty liners often.
  • Do not hold urine.

To prevent cystitis_3 To prevent cystitis_3

<To prevent cystitis_3>

  • Keep your lower back warm.
  • Do not over exert yourself and become exhausted.

To prevent cystitis_4 To prevent cystitis_4

<To prevent cystitis_4>

  • Take a shower before and after having sex to keep your body clean.

To prevent cystitis_5 To prevent cystitis_5

<To prevent cystitis_5>

  • Drink lots of fluid when you start having cystitis symptoms so as to pass a lot of water.

Symptoms and Cause of Urine Leaks

● Urine leaks in young woman can be cystitis

Leakage of urine against your will is called “urine leakage”, or “incontinence”. Urine leakage is common temporally for women after giving birth and after menopause. Urine leakage for young women can be cystitis or having too much tension caused by a lot of stress. There are a few types of urine leakage, and the most common is abdominal pressure-induced incontinence. It causes a small amount of urine leakage when the abdomen is pressed such as when coughing, sneezing and lifting up heavy weights. The next common type is called impending incontinence where you cannot hold urine for long after you feel the need to go.

● Weak pelvic bottom muscle can easily cause urine leakage

The cause of abdominal pressure-induced incontinence is looseness of the pelvic bottom muscle supporting the pelvis of women. Various organs such as the uterus, vagina, ovary, bladder, urethra, rectum, etc. are located inside the pelvis of women. The muscle at the pelvic bottom, the pelvic bottom muscle firmly supports those organs from the bottom. But when the pelvic bottom muscle weakens, the bladder cannot be supported, causing it to go down and thus change the shape of the urethra. In such cases, urine leakage can happen easily.

How to Prevent and Treat Urine Leakage

● Do not pass water by putting pressure on the abdomen

Avoid passing water by putting pressure on the abdomen to squeeze out urine with the abdominal muscles. It suppresses shrinkage of the bladder and makes cooperation with the urethra unbalanced. Too much straining due to constipation can also loosen the pelvic bottom muscle. In addition, wearing tight undergarments to tighten the abdomen is also not recommended.

● Pelvic bottom muscle exercises to strengthen the pelvic bottom muscle

Exercises to strengthen the pelvic bottom muscle are recommended for preventing urine leakage and controlling urine leakage after giving birth. However, if your symptoms are already interfering with your daily life, it is better to get proper treatment. It is recommended you consult an urologist who sees incontinence outpatients if possible. Depending on the symptoms, you will have pharmaceutical therapy or use medical equipment. Even when you need to have an operation, it can usually be done through the vagina, not an abdominal section. For impending incontinence, you may take medicine to control the autonomous nerves or a small amount of hormone drugs.

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