The amount of menstrual flow varies for each person and according to individual circumstances
Whether the amount of your menstrual blood loss is heavy or light is something you may worry about, but there are great differences between individuals. In addition, even for the same person, the amount of menstrual blood may vary depending on her hormonal status. You should not worry so much if the change is at a certain level. However, if the amount of menstruation is unusually heavy, or extremely light, it may be a sign of some kind. If you think something is stranger than usual, please refer to the advice below.
Heavy menstrual flow
You have menorrhagia if you get your panty or bed sheet stained at night even with layers of heavy flow sanitary pads, or if you keep having a heavy flow during the day where it soaks through a daytime sanitary pad in an hour or so. An increased amount of uterine lining is a likely cause, possibly due to having become thicker than usual. Alternatively, the uterus itself may have become enlarged. Menorrhagia may indicate the possibility of diseases such as hormone imbalance disorders or uterine fibroids.
Clots in menstrual flow
Menstrual flow occurs when the uterine lining is shed with blood, where the once coagulated blood is broken down by an enzyme to enable it to be expelled. While it is not typically released as a clot, liver-like clots can be found in menstrual flow when the uterine lining is too thick to be sufficiently broken down by the enzyme.
This condition is mainly caused by high levels of the female hormones that help thicken the uterine lining, so it is not uncommon among sexually mature women in their late twenties or thirties.
However, it may also be a sign of disease such as uterine fibroids, so please take it seriously if you find such clots too frequently in your menstrual flow.
How to deal with heavy menstrual flow
Women who have a heavy flow need to take precautions against anemia. Anemia causes fatigue, ringing in the ears, palpitations, breathlessness, and dizziness. Please ensure you maintain a healthy diet that contains iron-rich foods such as spinach and liver. Consult a gynecologist when bleeding is extremely heavy. You can seek a variety of treatments such as temporarily taking oral contraceptive pills to reduce menstruation, or using a hemostatic.
Diseases to watch out for with heavy menstrual flow
It is not uncommon for heavy menstruation to be a mask for diseases such as uterine fibroids and adenomyometritis. Uterine fibroids are benign tumors occurring in the uterus. With adenomyometritis, tissues similar to the uterine lining build up in the myometrium. Either disease, when advanced, can cause urinary and defecation problems, stomach aches, and infertility. It is advisable to consult a gynecologist as soon as you notice a sudden or gradual increase in your menstrual flow.
Light menstrual flow
Low functioning of ovaries may cause reduced menstrual flow. It is usually stress that causes such low ovary functioning. Try your best to relieve stress, keep to a healthy diet and take time to sleep and rest well.
With light menstruation due to low hormone levels, low ovary function may also be causing anovulation without your realizing it. It would be useful to chart your basal body temperature for a couple of cycles to follow your hormone levels before visiting a gynecologist.
Even so, there is little need to worry if your menstrual flow has always been light, or if you are taking contraceptive pills.
What is the color of your menstrual flow?
Please take note if your menstrual flow has a light color, similar to vermillion, for this may indicate that you are anemic.
On the other hand, darker colors are caused when older blood that was not expelled from the body right away has become oxidized in the vagina after a while. It sometimes turns brownish, combined with a discharge.
Menstrual flow is interrupted
Some women experience a pause in menstrual flow during a cycle before it is resumed. This is common with women whose uterus is tilted backwards. Even with the uterus in a normal position, it is not uncommon to have menstrual flow left in the uterus or the vagina that is then expelled in the latter half of menstruation.
Diseases that can cause these symptoms